The Sand Creek Massacre involved (check all that apply):
Select one or more:
Arapahoe and Cheyenne warriors launching a surprise attack on the U.S. Army’s Seventh Cavalry and killing them all, to the last man.
a U.S. militia killing men, women, and children in an encampment that was flying the white flag of surrender.
the murder of black Republicans, gathered peacefully in a convention to discuss black voting rights in Louisiana, by the White League, the paramilitary arm of the Louisiana Democrats.
the largest mass execution in the country’s history.
Colonel Chivington murdering close to one hundred people whose leader had already negotiated a peaceful settlement.
The purpose of the Freedman’s Bureau was to
help ex-slaves migrate to Africa.
enforce Reconstruction policy in the South.
protect the economic rights of former slaves.
help former slaves relocate to northern cities.
Opponents scornfully labeled white southerners who allied with the Republican party during Reconstruction __________________, yet an estimated quarter of white Southerners at one time voted Republican (primarily Unionists from the upland counties and hill areas and largely yeomen farmers.)
Women, along with African Americans, got the right to vote as a result of Reconstruction politics.
Hispanics who lived in California and the Southwest when the Anglos arrived,
Select one or more:
fought back against white settlers by organizing las Gorras Blancas.
were forced off the land and into urban barrios.
were treated much like African Americans were in the South, including being picked up on vagrancy charges.
were citizens who enjoyed the same rights and privileges as white citizens.
were discriminated against by virtually all whites, local and state governments, and white-owned companies.
the textile industry in the South surpassed northern production by 1875.
the southern economy continued to fall behind the industrial northern economy.
an industrial economy emerged in the South that almost kept pace with the North.
the number of manufacturers in the South dropped sharply.
as a success because northern blacks had gained social equality.
in failure because of deep-seated racism in the United States.
without any positive results for African-Americans or the nation.
despite strong northern sentiments to continue Radical policies.
white Southern Democrats who overthrew the Republican-dominated Reconstruction governments.
black ministers who reunited families separated by slavery.
Northern industrialists who attempted to rescue the Southern economy.
evangelical ministers who hoped to reinvigorate religion in the South.
Slavery was abolished in the United States with the ratification of:
the Declaration of Independence.
the Civil Rights Act of 1875.
the Bill of Rights.
the Military Reconstruction Act of 1867.
the Thirteenth Amendment.
All of the following are true of Chinese immigrants to the United States except:
They did not bother other people.
They were shifty and dishonest in their dealings with Americans because they hated Christians and everything they stood for.
they were peaceful, inoffensive, law-abiding workers.
An early result of Reconstruction was
the enactment of constitutional prohibitions against segregation.
to make many of the previously elected offices in the South appointed positions.
the creation of the first statewide public school systems in the South.
to disfranchise all former Confederate officers above the rank of colonel.
Mark 0.50 out of 1.00
General Custer’s expedition into the Black Hills of South Dakota resulted in:
Select one or more:
a treaty between the Sioux and the US government that allowed the Sioux to keep their tribal lands.
the massacre of Indian troops at the Battle of Wounded Knee.
the Compromise of 1877.
the worst defeat in the Indian wars for the US cavalry.
the death of General Custer in battle.
the fulfillment of Manifest Destiny.
The Dawes Severalty Act of 1887
protected the interests of Native Americans by prohibiting settlers from claiming western lands.
sought to Americanize the Indians and in the process devastated Native American culture.
strengthened tribal authority in order to preserve Indian culture.
stated that Native Americans would heretofore be accorded all the rights, privileges, immunities and exemptions as were accorded to citizens of the United States.
The authors of the Fourteenth Amendment
probably intended to eliminate discriminatory laws but probably did not intend to prevent segregation.
probably hoped that the amendment would protect women as well as African-Americans from discrimination.
probably saw the amendment as a means to eliminate political discrimination in the North and the South.
hoped to repay the Confederate debt, but a technicality prevented such a clause from appearing in the amendment.
There were no black cowboys.
The primary purpose of the Ku Klux Klan during Reconstruction was to
destroy the Republican party in the South.
keep former slaves from finding jobs.
help Republican candidates win elections.
force all African-Americans to leave the South.
A critical question at the heart of Reconstruction was
would African-Americans retain their freedom?
This issue was solved with the Thirteenth Amendment. There was no question of going back to slavery.
would former slaves gain effective political and economic power?
would the former Confederate states remain in the Union?
would southern agriculture be restored?
Chinese immigrants came to America primarily to try to convert Christians to Hinduism.
The demise of the Freedman’s Bureau
resulted from former slaves’ resentment at being obligated to an organization of white people.
came about because the Bureau had achieved all of its purposes.
indicated that white southerners had accepted Reconstruction policies.
revealed the declining northern interest in reconstructing the South.
Corruption during Reconstruction
brought down president Johnson’s administration.
occurred only in the South.
made reformers more interested in cleaning up government than protecting black rights.
nearly led to the impeachment of General Grant.
The American cowboy owes much of its model to what other group of people?
The Dawes Severalty Act granted U.S. citizenship to Native Americans.
The Fifteenth Amendment, passed by Republicans in Congress, was designed to safeguard African Americans’ right to vote.
This constitutional amendment prohibited slavery and involuntary servitude in the United States “except as punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted.”
Bill of Rights
Terror and violence provided the most effective means of overthrowing the remaining radical Republican governments in the Reconstruction south. A number of paramilitary organizations broke up Republican meetings, terrorized white and black Republicans, assassinated Republican leaders, and prevented black citizens from voting. The most notorious of these organizations was the ________________.
Ku Klux Klan
An immediate and powerful expression of freedom for the former slaves was
leaving the South.
hiring white people.
earning wages for their labor.
changing their given names.
The central difference between Andrew Johnson and the Radical Republicans concerned
how to get the southerners to admit that they had lost the war.
the place of African-Americans in American society.
the nature of the loyalty oath administered to former Confederates.
whether Johnson was really a Republican or a Democrat.
G. Ingersoll says that that Chinese immigrants (choose all that apply):
Select one or more:
cannot become citizens, and thus have no voice in the making or execution of the laws.
are inoffensive, peaceable and law-abiding.
are honest and industrious.
do not bother or cause problems for other people.
give back little to this country and should be deported back to their homeland.
are political radicals.
because they are poor, tend to access government services at a higher rate than native-born Americans.
make good employees.
In 1879-80, black “exodusters” left the South and relocated in California.
On the Great Plains,
Select one or more:
rugged individualism had prevailed over corporate power.
most settlers lived near rail lines, and the availability of manufactured goods eased the burden of women.
mild summers and temperate winters made life relatively easy for homesteaders.
large corporations shaped the economics, society, and politics of the region.
life was particularly hard for women because of isolation and extreme weather conditions.
churches lacked social influence because the communities were so lawless and violent.
churches often made the first efforts to meet the social needs of communities.
of communities., large corporations shaped the economics, society, and politics of the region.
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