For each situation, identify the ethical principle(s), speculate about why the researchers made the decisions they did, and then state whether you agree with their decisions.

For each situation, identify the ethical principle(s), speculate about why the researchers made the decisions they did, and then state whether you agree with their decisions.

EXERCISE 3.2 Ethical Concerns: What Would You Do?

In the following examples, the researcher has made or will need to make a choice

About ethical principles. For each situation, identify the ethical principle(s), speculate about why the researchers made the decisions they did, and then state whether you agree with their decisions.

A. Professor Ludwig’s research question is whether there is a connection between experiencing family violence and academic achievement among students. He contacts the principal of a local high school who agrees to the school’s participation. At a school assembly, the principal hands out Professor Ludwig’s questionnaire, which includes questions about family behavior including violence between family members. The principal requests that the students fill out the survey and put their names on it. The following day, Professor Ludwig uses school records to obtain information about each student’s level of academic achievements obtain the can answer his research question. He keeps all information that he obtains confidential and presents only a statistical analysis of the data.

1.What ethical principle(s) do you think was (were) violated in this research?

2.Describe the probable reason(s) Professor Ludwig violated the principle(s) you noted in your answer to Question 1.

3. Describe your reactions to the way this study was done.

B. Professor Hawkins receives funding from both a state agency and a national feminist organization to study the connection among marital power, spouses’ financial resources, and marital violence. Deciding to interview both spouses from at least 100 married

couples, she contacts potential participants by mail. Because she is a university professor, she writes to each couple on university letter head stationery and asks each couple to participate in her study. She specifies that she will be interviewing the m about their marriage but does not state the specific topics that the interview will cover or the source of her funding. She specifies that everything the couple tells her will be kept confidential.

1.What ethical principle(s) do you think was (were) violated in this research?

2.Describe the probable reason(s) Professor Hawkins violated the principle(s) you noted in your answer to Question1


 


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