Explain the factors that affect the health of communities. ◦Explain the factors that contribute to a critical health care issue within a specific community.
Prepare a 3–4 page report on a critical health issue in a community or state. Describe the factors that contribute to the health issue and interventions that have been implemented. Explain the scope and role of nursing in the interventions, and recommend ways the scope of the interventions might be expanded.
By successfully completing this assessment, you will demonstrate your proficiency in the following course competencies and assessment criteria:
Competency 1: Explain the factors that affect the health of communities. ◦Explain the factors that contribute to a critical health care issue within a specific community.
Competency 2: Apply evidence-based interventions to promote health and disease prevention and respond to community health issues. ◦Describe current interventions to target a critical health care issue within a specific community.
◦Describe the scope and role of nursing in current interventions that target a critical health care issue.
◦Recommend evidence-based ways to expand the scope of interventions to target a critical health care issue.
Competency 4: Communicate in a manner that is scholarly, professional, and consistent with expectations of a nursing professional. ◦Describe a critical health care issue within a specific community.
◦Write content clearly and logically with correct use of grammar, punctuation, and mechanics.
◦Correctly format citations and references, using current APA style.
Community/public health nursing is nursing care that is population-focused and occurs in non-hospital settings. Numerous nursing theories can provide the structure for community/public health nursing; however, nursing theories that incorporate components of the general systems theory frequently provide the framework for the practice of community/public health nursing.
Historically, nurses have made significant contributions to the field of public health. From providing maternal-child care to poor women in the late 1800s, to promoting hygiene among school aged children in the early 1900s, to providing environmental and safety care to industrial workers during World War I, nurses have been instrumental in shaping health policies (Maurer & Smith, 2013). Today, community/public health nurses have a key role in identifying and developing plans of care to address local, national, and international health issues.
Many factors influence the health of communities and populations, including national policies that focus on health promotion. Healthy People, a major national health promotion program issued by the U.S. Surgeon General, identifies major health problems of the nation and sets national goals and objectives targeting health promotion (Maurer & Smith, 2013). If adopted, activities that target health promotion can result in disease prevention.
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