4. Explain how “rules-based” accounting standards differ from “principles-based” standards. How might fundamentally changing accounting standards from “bright-line” rules to principle-based standards help prevent another Enron-like fiasco in the future? Are there dangers in removing “bright-line” rules? What difficulties might be associated with such a change?
5. What are the auditor independence issues surrounding the provision of external auditing services, internal auditing services, and management consulting services for the same client? Develop arguments for why auditors should be allowed to perform these services for the same client. Develop separate arguments for why auditors should not be allowed to perform non-audit services for their audit clients.
6. A perceived lack of integrity caused irreparable damage to both Andersen and Enron. How can you apply the principles learned in this case personally? Generate an example of how involvement in unethical or illegal activities, or even the appearance of such involvement, might adversely affect your career. What are the possible consequences when others question your integrity? What can you do to preserve your reputation throughout your career?