A community health nurse practitioner is teaching a group of female high school students about the importance of regular Papanicolaou (Pap) smears. The nurse recognizes that which of the following items underlies the rationale for this teaching? (Points : 2)
The active substitution of normal cells in the cervix correlates to cancer risk.
Undifferentiated stem cells are an early indicator of cervical cancer.
Cancer of the uterine cervix develops incrementally at a cellular level.
Dysplasia in the connective tissue of the cervix is a strong precursor to cancer.
Question 2.2. Following a biopsy, a 54-year-old man has been diagnosed as having a benign neoplastic tumor. Which of the following characteristics most likely applies to his tumor? (Points : 2)
The tumor is poorly approximated and has the potential to break loose.
The tumor may secrete hormones or cytokines.
The well-differentiated neoplastic cells are clustered together in a single mass.
It has a rapid rate of growth and can induce ischemia.
Question 3.3. A nurse practitioner is teaching a student NP about the physiologic basis for damage to the circulatory and neurological systems that can accompany hypotension. Which of the following responses by the student would warrant correction by the nurse practitioner?
(Points : 2)
“As vessel wall thickness increases, tension decreases.”
“Smaller blood vessels require more pressure to overcome wall tension.”
“The smaller the vessel radius, the greater the pressure needed to keep it open.”
“Tension and vessel thickness increase proportionately.”
Question 4.4. A child has been diagnosed with thalassemia. Which of the following other health problems is the child at risk for? (Points : 2)
Iron and ferritin deficiencies
Splenomegaly and hepatomegaly
Question 5.5. A 31-year-old woman with a congenital heart defect reports episodes of lightheadedness and syncope, with occasional palpitations. A resting electrocardiogram reveals sinus bradycardia and she is suspected of having sick sinus syndrome. Which of the following diagnostic methods is the best choice to investigate the suspicion? (Points : 2)
Exercise stress testing
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