Running head: DESCRIBING THE AGGREGATE
DESCRIBING THE AGGREGATE 5
Describing the aggregate
Describing the aggregate
An aggregate, also known as population, refers to a group of people who have one or more environmental or personal characteristics in common. In my community, the target population or aggregate which happens to be of most interest are minorities communities, senior centers, and homeless shelters. The rationale for choosing these populations is because they are the most vulnerable population in the entire community (Stanhope, 2016). There are several minority communities in the United States but the common ones are African Americans, Latino and Hispanic Americans. A senior center refers to a community center where older adults congregate so as to fulfill their physical, social, emotional and intellectual needs. Many towns in the United States have senior centers and they are usually locally funded but some get state and federal funds. Homeless shelters refer to a type of homeless service agency that provided temporary shelters and residence for homeless people and families. In this capstone project, we will look at these populations.
The largest minority community in the United States is African Americans. They are estimated to be 12.7% of the total population. The crude birth rate of African Americans in my community is estimated to be 105 births per every 1000 women. This is 10.5% birth rate. African Americans have about 2.2 times infant mortality rate as compared to non-Hispanic whites. African Americans are 3.2 times likely to die from complications such as low birthweight. African Americans have made a great gain in life expectancy. The life expectancy is 73 years for African Americans. Their leading cause of death is a chronic disease such as cancer. Senior centers are also increasing. Their life expectancy depends on lifestyles and deaths are mostly caused by chronic diseases (Hyer, 2014). Homeless shelters are not popular in the United States but there is quite a large number in some cities. They represent 0.5% of the United States population. Their birth rate is low because they don’t have excellent conditions for the same. Their life expectancy is shorter due to poor living conditions and their deaths are mostly caused by lack of basic needs and diseases. Local clinics have played an important role in supporting and advocating for evidence-based practice in the aggregate. The nurses in those clinics have supported them even though more needs to be done.
(i) Who do you offer service to in the community?
We mostly server less privileged people i.e. minorities, homeless and elderlies. We do provide environmental and nutritional services to the community.
(ii) Who is the largest population you server?
African Americans, elderlies and older adults.
(iii) Who would you take as the most underserved population in the service?
The underserved population is Latino and Hispanic Americans.
(iv) Within the underserved population, what is the common health concern which is not being addressed?
Mental health issues and chronic diseases.
(v) Mention the biggest challenge or limitation of serving in this community.
Inadequate physicians in the service area.
(vi) What are some of the ways would you use to deal with lack of local resources?
Refers some patients with special needs to areas with resources and required physicians. However, transport is an issue.
I conducted this interview with a public health nurse at my local health department. Increase in life expectancy among African Americans has increased. The nurse believes that lack of local providers is establishing a gap in the aggregate population I chosen.
Hyer, L. (2014). Psychological Treatment of Older Adults: A Holistic Model. New York, NY: Springer Publishing Company. Stanhope, M. L. (2016). Public Health Nursing: Population-Centered Health Care in the Community, (9. th, Ed. Hoboken: John Wiley.